Skip to Main content Skip to Navigation
Journal articles

Increasing species and trophic diversity of mesofauna affects fungal biomass, mesofauna community structure and organic matter decomposition processes

Abstract : A laboratory mesocosm experiment was set up to study the effects of five mesofauna model communities on litter fungal biomass (ergosterol content) and litter decomposition parameters (litter mass remaining, N concentration) for 4 months. The five treatments were: (1) no soil mesofauna, (2) the collembolan Folsomia fimetaria, (3) an assemblage of the collembolan species Isotomurus prasinus, Hypogastrura assimilis, F. fimetaria, Mesaphorura macrochaeta and Protaphorura armata, (4) the same collembolan assemblage plus the enchytraeid Enchytraeus crypticus, and (5) the six species plus the predaceous mite Hypoaspis aculeifer. After 30, 60, 90 and 120 days of incubation, six mesocosms of each treatment were sacrificed and biomass, species richness and dominance were measured. Changes occurred during the study with an increase in total detritivore biomass and a decrease in species richness with strong dominance by a few species in multispecies mesocosms. A vertical stratification of species was also observed in the mesocosms. Litter mass loss and N mineralisation were reduced with the introduction of fauna and showed the largest effects in the multispecies detritivore treatments. Ergosterol production was only temporary reduced in the multispecies treatments reflecting an effect of mesofauna on fungal biomass related to diversity rather than the biomass of mesofauna. An inhibitory predator effect was observed on functional decomposition parameters and indicated top-down control of decomposition via detritivorous mesofauna.
Complete list of metadata

https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-03218658
Contributor : Jérôme Cortet <>
Submitted on : Wednesday, May 5, 2021 - 5:15:04 PM
Last modification on : Thursday, June 10, 2021 - 5:08:46 PM

File

Cortet et al Biol fertil soil ...
Files produced by the author(s)

Identifiers

Citation

Jérôme Cortet, Richard Joffre, Susanne Elmholt, Paul Henning Krogh. Increasing species and trophic diversity of mesofauna affects fungal biomass, mesofauna community structure and organic matter decomposition processes. Biology and Fertility of Soils, Springer Verlag, 2003, 37 (5), pp.302-312. ⟨10.1007/s00374-003-0597-2⟩. ⟨hal-03218658⟩

Share

Metrics

Record views

45

Files downloads

17