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Journal Articles PLoS ONE Year : 2016

Revisiting the Measurement of Anomie

Ali Teymoori
  • Function : Author
Jolanda Jetten
  • Function : Author
Brock Bastian
Nadia Ayub
  • Function : Author
Tomasz Besta
  • Function : Author
Rui Costa-Lopes
  • Function : Author
Lijuan Cui
  • Function : Author
Gillian Finchilescu
  • Function : Author
Mario Gollwitzer
Ángel Gómez
  • Function : Author
Ying Yi Hong
  • Function : Author
Dorthe Høj Jensen
  • Function : Author
Thomas Kessler
  • Function : Author
Marcus Lima
  • Function : Author
Tuuli Anna Mähönen
  • Function : Author
Laura Megevand
  • Function : Author
Thomas Morton
  • Function : Author
Paola Paladino
  • Function : Author
Tibor Polya
  • Function : Author
Aleksejs Ruza
  • Function : Author
Wan Shahrazad
  • Function : Author
Sushama Sharma
  • Function : Author
Ana Raquel Torres
  • Function : Author
Anne Marthe van Der Bles
  • Function : Author
Michael Wohl

Abstract

Sociologists coined the term “anomie” to describe societies that are characterized by disintegration and deregulation. Extending beyond conceptualizations of anomie that conflate the measurements of anomie as ‘a state of society' and as a ‘state of mind', we disentangle these conceptualizations and develop an analysis and measure of this phenomenon focusing on anomie as a perception of the ‘state of society'. We propose that anomie encompasses two dimensions: a perceived breakdown in social fabric (i.e., disintegration as lack of trust and erosion of moral standards) and a perceived breakdown in leadership (i.e., deregulation as lack of legitimacy and effectiveness of leadership). Across six studies we present evidence for the validity of the new measure, the Perception of Anomie Scale (PAS). Studies 1a and 1b provide evidence for the proposed factor structure and internal consistency of PAS. Studies 2a-c provide evidence of convergent and discriminant validity. Finally, assessing PAS in 28 countries, we show that PAS correlates with national indicators of societal functioning and that PAS predicts national identification and well-being (Studies 3a & 3b). The broader implications of the anomie construct for the study of group processes are discussed.

Domains

Psychology
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Dates and versions

hal-01473217 , version 1 (22-03-2024)

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Ali Teymoori, Jolanda Jetten, Brock Bastian, Amarina Ariyanto, Frédérique Autin, et al.. Revisiting the Measurement of Anomie. PLoS ONE, 2016, 11 (7), pp.e0158370. ⟨10.1371/journal.pone.0158370⟩. ⟨hal-01473217⟩
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