R. Cunnington, C. Windischberger, L. Deecke, and E. Moser, The preparation and readiness for voluntary movement: a high-field eventrelated fMRI study of the Bereitschafts-BOLD response, NeuroImage, vol.20, issue.1, pp.404-416, 2003.

V. T. Nguyen, M. Breakspear, and R. Cunnington, Reciprocal interactions of the SMA and cingulate cortex sustain premovement activity for voluntary actions, J Neurosci, vol.34, issue.49, pp.16397-407, 2014.

G. Thickbroom, M. Byrnes, P. Sacco, S. Ghosh, I. Morris et al., The role of the supplementary motor area in externally timed movement: the influence of predictability of movement timing, Brain Res, vol.874, issue.2, pp.233-274, 2000.

G. Rizzolatti, L. Fadiga, V. Gallese, and L. Fogassi, Premotor cortex and the recognition of motor actions, Brain Res Cogn Brain Res, vol.3, issue.2, pp.131-172, 1996.

S. Yazawa, A. Ikeda, T. Kunieda, S. Ohara, T. Mima et al., Human presupplementary motor area is active before voluntary movement: subdural recording of Bereitschaftspotential from medial frontal cortex, Exp Brain Res, vol.131, issue.2, pp.165-77, 2000.

J. Purzner, G. O. Paradiso, D. Cunic, J. A. Saint-cyr, T. Hoque et al., Involvement of the basal ganglia and cerebellar motor pathways in the preparation of self-initiated and externally triggered movements in humans, J Neurosci, vol.27, issue.22, pp.6029-6065, 2007.

F. Weilke, S. Spiegel, H. Boecker, H. G. Von-einsiedel, B. Conrad et al., Time-resolved fMRI of activation patterns in M1 and SMA during complex voluntary movement, J Neurophysiol, vol.85, issue.5, pp.1858-63, 2001.

K. Lee, C. Roh, and J. , Subregions within the supplementary motor area activated at different stages of movement preparation and execution, NeuroImage, vol.9, issue.1, pp.117-140, 1999.

C. Mackinnon, D. Bissig, and J. Chiusano, Preparation of anticipatory postural adjustments prior to stepping, J Neurophysiol, vol.97, issue.6, pp.4368-79, 2007.

D. Akkal, R. P. Dum, and P. L. Strick, Supplementary motor area and presupplementary motor area: targets of basal ganglia and cerebellar output, J Neurosci, vol.27, issue.40, pp.10659-73, 2007.

D. Sussman, R. Leung, and M. Chakravarty, The developing human brain: age-related changes in cortical, subcortical, and cerebellar anatomy, Brain Behav, vol.6, issue.4, p.457, 2016.

L. Rondi-reig, A. Paradis, J. M. Lefort, B. M. Babayan, and C. Tobin, How the cerebellum may monitor sensory information for spatial representation, Front Syst Neurosci, vol.8, p.205, 2014.
URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01542946

A. Richard, A. Van-hamme, X. Drevelle, J. Golmard, S. Meunier et al., Contribution of the supplementary motor area and the cerebellum to the anticipatory postural adjustments and execution phases of human gait initiation, Neuroscience, vol.358, pp.181-190, 2017.
URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01558251

D. , A. E. Mazzarello, P. Prestori, F. Mapelli, J. Solinas et al., The cerebellar network: from structure to function and dynamics, Brain Res Rev, vol.66, issue.1-2, pp.5-15, 2011.

R. Shadmehr and J. W. Krakauer, A computational neuroanatomy for motor control, Exp Brain Res, vol.185, issue.3, pp.359-81, 2008.

M. Proudfoot, G. Rohenkohl, A. Quinn, G. L. Colclough, J. Wuu et al., Altered cortical beta-band oscillations reflect motor system degeneration in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, Hum Brain Mapp, vol.38, issue.1, pp.237-54, 2017.

T. Fekete, N. Zach, L. Mujica-parodi, and M. Turner, Multiple kernel learning captures a systems-level functional connectivity biomarker signature in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, PLoS One, vol.8, issue.12, p.85190, 2013.

C. Habas, N. Kamdar, D. Nguyen, and K. Prater, Distinct cerebellar contributions to intrinsic connectivity networks, J Neurosci, vol.29, issue.26, pp.8586-94, 2009.

M. Manto and P. Jissendi, Cerebellum: links between development, developmental disorders and motor learning, Front Neuroanat, vol.6, p.1, 2012.

C. Nioche and E. Cabanis, Functional connectivity of the human red nucleus in the brain resting state at 3T, AJNR Am J Neuroradiol, vol.30, issue.2, pp.396-403, 2009.

Y. Liu, Y. Pu, J. Gao, L. Parsons, and J. Xiong, The human red nucleus and lateral cerebellum in supporting roles for sensory information processing, Hum Brain Mapp, vol.10, issue.4, pp.147-59, 2000.

V. Penhune and C. Steele, Parallel contributions of cerebellar, striatal and M1 mechanisms to motor sequence learning, Behav Brain Res, vol.226, issue.2, pp.579-91, 2012.

G. Albouy, B. King, P. Maquet, and J. Doyon, Hippocampus and striatum: dynamics and interaction during acquisition and sleeprelated motor sequence memory consolidation, Hippocampus, vol.23, issue.11, pp.985-1004, 2013.

J. Grahn, J. Parkinson, and A. Owen, The cognitive functions of the caudate nucleus, Prog Neurobiol, vol.86, issue.3, pp.141-55, 2008.

C. Belkhiria, T. Driss, C. Habas, H. Jaafar, R. Guillevin et al., Exploration and identification of cortico-cerebellar-brainstem closed loop during a motivational-motor task: an fMRI study, Cerebellum, vol.16, issue.2, pp.326-365, 2017.
URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01467687

N. Tzourio-mazoyer, B. Landeau, D. Papathanassiou, F. Crivello, O. Etard et al., Automated anatomical labeling of activations in SPM using a macroscopic anatomical parcellation of the MNI MRI single-subject brain, NeuroImage, vol.15, issue.1, pp.273-89, 2002.

H. Satoshi, J. Koji, K. Akira, A. Osamu, O. Kuni et al., Changes in cerebro-cerebellar interaction during response inhibition after performance improvement, NeuroImage, vol.99, pp.142-150, 2014.

K. Stephan, J. Marshall, K. Friston, and J. Rowe, Lateralized cognitive processes and lateralized task control in the human brain, Science, vol.301, issue.5631, pp.384-390, 2003.

C. Padoa-schioppa, C. Li, and E. Bizzi, Neuronal correlates of kinematics-to-dynamics transformation in the supplementary motor area, Neuron, vol.36, issue.4, pp.751-65, 2002.

A. M. Smith, D. Bourbonnais, and G. Blanchette, Interaction between forced grasping and a learned precision grip after ablation of the supplementary motor area, Brain Res, vol.222, issue.2, pp.395-400, 1981.

S. C. Cramer, R. M. Weisskoff, J. D. Schaechter, G. Nelles, M. Foley et al., Motor cortex activation is related to force of squeezing, Hum Brain Mapp, vol.16, issue.4, pp.197-205, 2002.

G. Luppino and G. Rizzolatti, The organization of the frontal motor cortex, News Physiol Sci, vol.15, pp.219-243, 2000.

F. P. Kendall and F. P. Kendall, Muscles: testing and function with posture and pain, 2005.

J. E. Visser and B. R. Bloem, Role of the basal ganglia in balance control, Neural Plast, vol.12, issue.2-3, pp.161-74, 2005.

C. Habas and E. Cabanis, Cortical projections to the human red nucleus: a diffusion tensor tractography study with a 1.5-T MRI machine, Neuroradiology, vol.48, issue.10, pp.755-62, 2006.

C. Ghez and D. Vicario, The control of rapid limb movement in the cat. II. Scaling of isometric force adjustments, Exp Brain Res, vol.33, issue.2, pp.191-202, 1978.

T. Ishikawa, S. Tomatsu, J. Izawa, and S. Kakei, The cerebro-cerebellum: could it be loci of forward models?, Neurosci Res, vol.104, pp.72-81, 2016.

A. Cerasa, G. E. Hagberg, A. Peppe, M. Bianciardi, M. C. Gioia et al., Functional changes in the activity of cerebellum and frontostriatal regions during externally and internally timed movement in Parkinson's disease, Brain Res Bull, vol.71, issue.13, pp.259-69, 2006.

P. L. Strick, R. P. Dum, and J. A. Fiez, Cerebellum and nonmotor function, Annu Rev Neurosci, vol.32, issue.1, pp.413-447, 2009.

J. D. Schmahmann, The role of the cerebellum in cognition and emotion: personal reflections since 1982 on the dysmetria of thought hypothesis, and its historical evolution from theory to therapy, Neuropsychol Rev, vol.20, issue.3, pp.236-60, 2010.

H. C. Leiner, Solving the mystery of the human cerebellum, Neuropsychol Rev, vol.20, issue.3, pp.229-264, 2010.

H. Boecker, J. Jankowski, P. Ditter, and L. Scheef, A role of the basal ganglia and midbrain nuclei for initiation of motor sequences, NeuroImage, vol.39, issue.3, pp.1356-69, 2008.

C. J. Stoodley, E. M. Valera, and J. D. Schmahmann, Functional topography of the cerebellum for motor and cognitive tasks: an fMRI study, NeuroImage, vol.59, issue.2, pp.1560-70, 2012.

T. Ng, P. F. Sowman, J. Brock, and B. W. Johnson, Neuromagnetic brain activity associated with anticipatory postural adjustments for bimanual load lifting, NeuroImage, vol.66, pp.343-52, 2013.

L. A. Bradfield and B. W. Balleine, Thalamic control of dorsomedial striatum regulates internal state to guide goal-directed action selection, J Neurosci, vol.37, issue.13, pp.3721-3754, 2017.

L. Sang, W. Qin, Y. Liu, W. Han, Y. Zhang et al., Resting-state functional connectivity of the vermal and hemispheric subregions of the cerebellum with both the cerebral cortical networks and subcortical structures, NeuroImage, vol.61, issue.4, pp.1213-1238, 2012.

C. T. Sege, M. M. Bradley, and P. J. Lang, Startle modulation during emotional anticipation and perception, Psychophysiology, vol.51, issue.10, pp.977-81, 2014.

Y. Chudasama and T. W. Robbins, Functions of frontostriatal systems in cognition: comparative neuropsychopharmacological studies in rats, monkeys and humans, Biol Psychol, vol.73, issue.1, pp.19-38, 2006.

P. Redgrave and K. Gurney, Information processing, dimensionality reduction and reinforcement learning in the basal ganglia, Nat Rev Neurosci, vol.7, issue.12, pp.439-73, 2003.

M. J. Frank, Computational models of motivated action selection in corticostriatal circuits, Curr Opin Neurobiol, vol.21, issue.3, pp.381-387, 2011.

K. N. Gurney, M. Humphries, R. Wood, T. J. Prescott, and P. Redgrave, Testing computational hypotheses of brain systems function: a case study with the basal ganglia, Network, vol.15, issue.4, pp.263-90, 2004.

M. D. Humphries, R. D. Stewart, and K. N. Gurney, A physiologically plausible model of action selection and oscillatory activity in the basal ganglia, J Neurosci, vol.26, issue.50, pp.12921-12963, 2006.

R. Kawagoe, Y. Takikawa, and O. Hikosaka, Expectation of reward modulates cognitive signals in the basal ganglia, Nat Neurosci, vol.1, issue.5, pp.411-417, 1998.

Y. Kawaguchi, C. J. Wilson, and P. C. Emson, Projection subtypes of rat neostriatal matrix cells revealed by intracellular injection of biocytin, J Neurosci, vol.10, issue.10, pp.3421-3459, 1990.

A. D. Smith and J. P. Bolam, The neural network of the basal ganglia as revealed by the study of synaptic connections of identified neurones, Trends Neurosci, vol.13, issue.7, pp.259-65, 1990.

W. Schultz, P. Apicella, T. Ljungberg, R. Romo, and E. Scarnati, Rewardrelated activity in the monkey striatum and substantia nigra, Prog Brain Res, vol.99, pp.227-262, 1993.

V. Ness and C. Beste, The role of the striatum in goal activation of cascaded actions, Neuropsychologia, vol.51, issue.13, pp.2562-71, 2013.