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La parentalité pendant les années d’école maternelle (éducation des enfants, fonctionnement familial et vécu subjectif des parents) : le point de vue de mères et de pères de CSP+ dans un quartier parisien à forte mixité sociale

Abstract : This research explores parenting, during the very first school years, in terms of child education, family functioning, and parents’ subjective experience.Data was collected on parents who mostly belonged to higher socio-professional categories, and whose children, aged 3 to 6, attended a state-run school in a Paris neighborhood that is part of the national high-priority educational network. Both quantitative and qualitative methodological tools have been used: a survey by questionnaire (n=173) and 34 interviews (24 mothers and 10 fathers), with a twofold analysis, one thematic and one relying on a discourse analysis software. It captured ways this population, which is relatively unstudied, responds to new educational standards and diverse influences, at the very beginning of the children’s school career. Results reveal that most mothers and fathers aspire to be “super-parents” and show a style of parenting based on control, aiming at optimizing child development. It includes control over the child - with positive parenting methods and stimulation practices typical of a “concerted education” (Lareau, 2003) -, self-management - to become a “better” parent -, environmental monitoring - through actors including the co-parent, at home, and the professionals and the child’s peers, at school -, organizing family life’s tight schedule... Yet, differences occur according to the sex of the parent, the sex of the child, his/her age and school level.
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https://tel.archives-ouvertes.fr/tel-03194859
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Submitted on : Friday, April 9, 2021 - 7:42:13 PM
Last modification on : Sunday, April 11, 2021 - 3:19:23 AM

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  • HAL Id : tel-03194859, version 1

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Anne-Gaëlle Picart. La parentalité pendant les années d’école maternelle (éducation des enfants, fonctionnement familial et vécu subjectif des parents) : le point de vue de mères et de pères de CSP+ dans un quartier parisien à forte mixité sociale. Education. Université de Nanterre - Paris X, 2020. Français. ⟨NNT : 2020PA100088⟩. ⟨tel-03194859⟩

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