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Theses

Soi éthique : le soi autour des éthiques d'Emmanuel Levinas et de Charles Taylor

Abstract : The main goal of the research I present in this thesis is to highlight the ethical self from the philosophies of Emmanuel Levinas and Charles Taylor. I am trying to show that the self only reveals itself through ethics. Levinas and Taylor insist on it. However, we must reflect on differences between these two ethics. For this reason, the first part deals with what the Levinasian and Taylorian ethics are against: on impersonality. Of course, Levinasian impersonality is different from Taylorian impersonality. But these two philosophers assert that the self cannot be engendered by and in impersonality. So they turn their eyes to ethics. In the second part, I take this point into consideration. However, the Levinsian ethic is irreducible to the Taylorian ethic; for Levinas, ethics is ethics of the other's otherness, while Taylorian ethics aims at the authenticity of the self. However, despite this, their ethics come to a rather similar conclusion: the self is possible only from ethics; the self relates to the supreme good. To deepen this point, in the third part, I take into account the language. Language, in both Levinas and Taylor, is not the simple collection of signs, but is ethical: the good, to which the self is attached, in them, would be impossible without language. Language plays a big role in ethics. But language doesn't stop where ethics reside: in a sense, language goes beyond ethics. For Levinasian thought on language like that of Taylor leads to reflection on sociality, where the self, by encountering the other, is anchored. This is the reason why, in the conclusion, I will propose to think of the “we” from the Levinsian and Taylorian philosophies. The “we” is not at first glance the plural pronoun of the first person, but is what must be taken into account from the point of view of ethics, of otherness.
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Submitted on : Wednesday, January 12, 2022 - 10:52:11 AM
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  • HAL Id : tel-03522555, version 1

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Heonjoong Kim. Soi éthique : le soi autour des éthiques d'Emmanuel Levinas et de Charles Taylor. Philosophie. Université de Nanterre - Paris X, 2021. Français. ⟨NNT : 2021PA100059⟩. ⟨tel-03522555⟩

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