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« Rentrer dans le monde » : parcours d’une inquiétude chez les poètes Guillaume Apollinaire, Blaise Cendrars, T.S. Eliot, Federico García Lorca et Hart Crane

Abstract : At the beginning of the XXth century poets were unsettled : hesitating between idealism and materialism, freedom and determinism, creation and evolution, they wandered in an ideological « waste land ». In the early works of Guillaume Apollinaire (1880-1918), Blaise Cendrars (1887-1961), T.S. Eliot (1888-1965), Federico García Lorca (1898-1936) and Hart Crane (1899-1932), distress assumed different forms: from split personality to extreme weariness. The poets’ positions bounced between nihilism, half-hearted attempts at syncretism and bitter irony. As they matured, they recognized however that their restlessness was not a personal matter but a product of the times, perhaps even the main feature, on the level of thought, of the so-called modern times : “the age of comparison”, in Nietzsche’s words. They then renounced to express the singularity of an individual, original, even bizarre vision, and chose to “go back to the world”. Breaking with the literary goals of symbolism, they aimed at becoming the “conscience of the times”, at exposing their conflicting ideologies, and at listing their contrasts. In the first third of the twentieth century, this ideological restlessness pushed poets to redefine their role in the city. It was one of the most powerful forces behind aesthetic innovation: cubism, simultaneism, dialogism and epic lyricism. In this study, we will examine the coherence and main stages of this process.
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Sandrine Montin. « Rentrer dans le monde » : parcours d’une inquiétude chez les poètes Guillaume Apollinaire, Blaise Cendrars, T.S. Eliot, Federico García Lorca et Hart Crane. Littératures. Université Paris-Sorbonne - Paris IV, 2009. Français. ⟨NNT : 2009PA040207⟩. ⟨tel-03200302⟩

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