Improvement of Pursuit Eye Movement Alterations after Short Visuo-Attentional Training in ADHD - Université Paris Nanterre Access content directly
Journal Articles Brain Sciences Year : 2020

Improvement of Pursuit Eye Movement Alterations after Short Visuo-Attentional Training in ADHD

Abstract

Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a neurodevelopmental disorder without validated and objective diagnostic procedures. Several neurological dysfunctions in the frontal circuit, in the thalamus, and in the cerebellum have been observed in subjects with ADHD. These cortical and subcortical areas are responsible for eye movement control. Therefore, studying eye movements could be a useful tool to better understand neuronal alterations in subjects with ADHD. The aim of the present study was firstly to compare the quality of pursuit eye movements in a group of 40 children with ADHD (age 8.2 ± 1.2) and in a group of 40 sex-, IQ-, age-matched typically developing (TD) children; secondly, we aimed to examine if a short visuo-attentional training could a↵ect pursuit performances in children with ADHD. Findings showed that children with ADHD presented a greater number of catch-up saccade and lower pursuit gain compared to TD children. Di↵erently to TD children, in children with ADHD, the number of catch-up saccades and the pursuit gain were not significantly correlated with children's age. Furthermore, a short visuo-attentional training period can only slightly improve pursuit performance in children with ADHD, leading to a decrease of the occurrence of catch-up saccades only, albeit the e↵ect size was small. The absence of any improvement in pursuit performance with age could be explained by the fact that the prefrontal and fronto-cerebellar circuits responsible for pursuit triggering are still immature. Pursuit eye movements can be used as a useful tool for ADHD diagnosis. However, attentional mechanisms controlled by these cortical structures could be improved by a short visuo-attentional training period. Further studies will be necessary to explore the e↵ects of a longer visuo-attentional training period on oculomotor tasks in order to clarify how adaptive mechanisms are able to increase the attentional capabilities in children with ADHD.
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hal-03146146 , version 1 (18-02-2021)

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Simona Caldani, Richard Delorme, Ana Moscoso, Mathilde Septier, Eric Acquaviva, et al.. Improvement of Pursuit Eye Movement Alterations after Short Visuo-Attentional Training in ADHD. Brain Sciences, 2020, 10 (11), pp.816. ⟨10.3390/brainsci10110816⟩. ⟨hal-03146146⟩
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