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Journal Articles Collabra: Psychology Year : 2021

A Multi-Site Collaborative Study of the Hostile Priming Effect

Randy McCarthy
  • Function : Author
Will Gervais
  • Function : Author
Balazs Aczel
  • Function : Author
Rosemary Al-Kire
  • Function : Author
Mark Aveyard
  • Function : Author
Silvia Marcella Baraldo
  • Function : Author
Lemi Baruh
  • Function : Author
Charlotte Basch
  • Function : Author
Anna Baumert
  • Function : Author
Anna Behler
  • Function : Author
Ann Bettencourt
  • Function : Author
Adam Bitar
  • Function : Author
Hugo Bouxom
  • Function : Author
Ashley Buck
  • Function : Author
Zeynep Cemalcilar
  • Function : Author
Jacqueline Chen
  • Function : Author
Ángel del Fresno- Díaz
  • Function : Author
Alec Ducham
  • Function : Author
John Edlund
  • Function : Author
Amanda Elbassiouny
  • Function : Author
Thomas Rhys Evans
  • Function : Author
Patrick Ewell
  • Function : Author
Patrick Forscher
  • Function : Author
Paul Fuglestad
  • Function : Author
Lauren Hauck
  • Function : Author
Christopher Hawk
  • Function : Author
Anthony Hermann
  • Function : Author
Bryon Hines
  • Function : Author
Mukunzi Irumva
  • Function : Author
Lauren Jordan
  • Function : Author
Jennifer Joy-Gaba
  • Function : Author
Catherine Haley
  • Function : Author
Pavol Kačmár
  • Function : Author
Murat Kezer
  • Function : Author
Robert Körner
  • Function : Author
Muriel Kosaka
  • Function : Author
Marton Kovacs
  • Function : Author
Elicia Lair
  • Function : Author
Dana Leighton
  • Function : Author
Michael Magee
  • Function : Author
Keith Markman
  • Function : Author
Marcel Martončik
  • Function : Author
Martin Müller
  • Function : Author
Jasmine Norman
  • Function : Author
Jerome Olsen
  • Function : Author
Danielle Oyler
  • Function : Author
Curtis Phills
  • Function : Author
Gianni Ribeiro
  • Function : Author
Alia Rohain
  • Function : Author
John Sakaluk
  • Function : Author
Astrid Schütz
  • Function : Author
Daniel Toribio-Flórez
  • Function : Author
Jo-Ann Tsang
  • Function : Author
Michela Vezzoli
  • Function : Author
Caitlin Williams
  • Function : Author
Guillermo Willis
  • Function : Author
Jason Young
  • Function : Author
Cristina Zogmaister
  • Function : Author

Abstract

In a now-classic study by Srull and Wyer (1979), people who were exposed to phrases with hostile content subsequently judged a man as being more hostile. And this “hostile priming effect” has had a significant influence on the field of social cognition over the subsequent decades. However, a recent multi-lab collaborative study (McCarthy et al., 2018) that closely followed the methods described by Srull and Wyer (1979) found a hostile priming effect that was nearly zero, which casts doubt on whether these methods reliably produce an effect. To address some limitations with McCarthy et al. (2018), the current multi-site collaborative study included data collected from 29 labs. Each lab conducted a close replication (total N = 2,123) and a conceptual replication (total N = 2,579) of Srull and Wyer’s methods. The hostile priming effect for both the close replication (d = 0.09, 95% CI [-0.04, 0.22], z = 1.34, p = .16) and the conceptual replication (d = 0.05, 95% CI [-0.04, 0.15], z = 1.15, p = .58) were not significantly different from zero and, if the true effects are non-zero, were smaller than what most labs could feasibly and routinely detect. Despite our best efforts to produce favorable conditions for the effect to emerge, we did not detect a hostile priming effect. We suggest that researchers should not invest more resources into trying to detect a hostile priming effect using methods like those described in Srull and Wyer (1979).

Domains

Psychology

Dates and versions

hal-04247974 , version 1 (18-10-2023)

Identifiers

Cite

Randy McCarthy, Will Gervais, Balazs Aczel, Rosemary Al-Kire, Mark Aveyard, et al.. A Multi-Site Collaborative Study of the Hostile Priming Effect. Collabra: Psychology, 2021, 7 (1), ⟨10.1525/collabra.18738⟩. ⟨hal-04247974⟩
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