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Journal Articles Perspectives on Psychological Science Year : 2018

Registered Replication Report: Dijksterhuis and van Knippenberg

Michael O'Donnell , Leif D. Nelson , Evi Ackermann , Balazs Aczel , Athfah Akhtar , Silvio Aldrovandi , Nasseem Alshaif , Ronald Andringa , Mark Aveyard , Peter Babincak , Nursena Balatekin , Scott A Baldwin , Gabriel Banik , Ernest Baskin , Raoul Bell , Olga Białobrzeska , Angie R Birt , Walter R Boot , Scott R Braithwaite , Jessie C Briggs , Axel Buchner , Desiree Budd , Kathryn Budzik , Lottie Bullens , Richard L Bulley , Peter R Cannon , Katarzyna Cantarero , Joseph Cesario , Stephanie Chambers , Christopher R Chartier , Peggy Chekroun (1, 2) , Clara Chong , Axel Cleeremans (3) , Sean P Coary , Jacob Coulthard , Florien M Cramwinckel , Thomas F Denson , Marcos Díaz-Lago , Theresa E Didonato , Aaron Drummond , Julia Eberlen (4) , Titus Ebersbach , John E Edlund , Katherine M Finnigan , Justin Fisher , Natalia Frankowska , Efraín García-Sánchez , Frank D Golom , Andrew Graves (5) , Kevin Greenberg , Mando Hanioti , Heather A Hansen , Jenna A Harder , Erin R Harrell , Andree Hartanto , Michael Inzlicht (6) , David Johnson (7) , Andrew Karpinski , Victor N Keller , Olivier Klein (8) , Lina Koppel , Emiel Krahmer , Anthony Lantian (1, 2) , Michael J Larson , Jean-Baptiste Légal (1, 2) , Richard M. Lucas (9) , Dermot Lynott , Corey M Magaldino , Karlijn Massar , Matthew T Mcbee , Neil Mclatchie , Nadhilla Melia , Michael C Mensink , Laura Mieth , Samantha Moore-Berg , Geraldine Neeser , Ben R Newell , Marret K Noordewier , Asil Ali Özdoğru , Myrto Pantazi (10) , Michał Parzuchowski , Kim Peters , Michael C Philipp , Monique M H Pollmann , Panagiotis Rentzelas , Rosa Rodríguez-Bailón , Jan Philipp Röer , Jan Philipp , Ivan Ropovik , Nelson A Roque , Carolina Rueda , Bastiaan T Rutjens , Katey Sackett , Janos Salamon , Ángel Sánchez-Rodríguez , Blair Saunders , Juliette Schaafsma , Michael Schulte-Mecklenbeck , David R Shanks , Martin F Sherman , Kenneth M Steele , Niklas K Steffens , Jessie Sun , Kyle J Susa , Barnabas Szaszi , Aba Szollosi , Ricardo M Tamayo , Gustav Tinghög , Yuk-Yue Tong , Carol Tweten , Miguel A Vadillo (11) , Deisy Valcarcel , Nicolas van Der Linden , Michiel van Elk , Frenk van Harreveld , Daniel Västfjäll (12) , Simine Vazire , Philippe Verduyn (13) , Matt Williams (14) , Guillermo B Willis , Sarah E Wood , Chunliang Yang , Oulmann Zerhouni (15, 2, 1) , Robert Zheng , Mark Zrubka
Michael O'Donnell
  • Function : Author
Leif D. Nelson
  • Function : Author
Evi Ackermann
  • Function : Author
Balazs Aczel
Athfah Akhtar
  • Function : Author
Silvio Aldrovandi
  • Function : Author
Nasseem Alshaif
  • Function : Author
Ronald Andringa
  • Function : Author
Mark Aveyard
  • Function : Author
Peter Babincak
Nursena Balatekin
  • Function : Author
Scott A Baldwin
  • Function : Author
Gabriel Banik
Ernest Baskin
Raoul Bell
  • Function : Author
Olga Białobrzeska
  • Function : Author
Angie R Birt
  • Function : Author
Walter R Boot
  • Function : Author
Scott R Braithwaite
  • Function : Author
Jessie C Briggs
  • Function : Author
Axel Buchner
  • Function : Author
Desiree Budd
  • Function : Author
Kathryn Budzik
  • Function : Author
Lottie Bullens
  • Function : Author
Richard L Bulley
  • Function : Author
Peter R Cannon
  • Function : Author
Katarzyna Cantarero
  • Function : Author
Joseph Cesario
  • Function : Author
Stephanie Chambers
  • Function : Author
Christopher R Chartier
Clara Chong
  • Function : Author
Sean P Coary
  • Function : Author
Jacob Coulthard
  • Function : Author
Florien M Cramwinckel
  • Function : Author
Thomas F Denson
  • Function : Author
Marcos Díaz-Lago
  • Function : Author
Theresa E Didonato
  • Function : Author
Aaron Drummond
  • Function : Author
Titus Ebersbach
  • Function : Author
John E Edlund
  • Function : Author
Katherine M Finnigan
  • Function : Author
Justin Fisher
  • Function : Author
Natalia Frankowska
  • Function : Author
Efraín García-Sánchez
  • Function : Author
Frank D Golom
  • Function : Author
Kevin Greenberg
  • Function : Author
Mando Hanioti
  • Function : Author
Heather A Hansen
  • Function : Author
Jenna A Harder
  • Function : Author
Erin R Harrell
  • Function : Author
Andree Hartanto
  • Function : Author
Michael Inzlicht
Andrew Karpinski
  • Function : Author
Victor N Keller
  • Function : Author
Lina Koppel
Emiel Krahmer
  • Function : Author
Michael J Larson
  • Function : Author
Dermot Lynott
  • Function : Author
Corey M Magaldino
  • Function : Author
Karlijn Massar
  • Function : Author
Matthew T Mcbee
  • Function : Author
Neil Mclatchie
Nadhilla Melia
  • Function : Author
Michael C Mensink
  • Function : Author
Laura Mieth
  • Function : Author
Samantha Moore-Berg
  • Function : Author
Geraldine Neeser
  • Function : Author
Ben R Newell
  • Function : Author
Marret K Noordewier
  • Function : Author
Asil Ali Özdoğru
  • Function : Author
Myrto Pantazi
Michał Parzuchowski
  • Function : Author
Kim Peters
Michael C Philipp
Monique M H Pollmann
  • Function : Author
Panagiotis Rentzelas
  • Function : Author
Rosa Rodríguez-Bailón
  • Function : Author
Jan Philipp Röer
  • Function : Author
Jan Philipp
  • Function : Author
Ivan Ropovik
Nelson A Roque
  • Function : Author
Carolina Rueda
  • Function : Author
Bastiaan T Rutjens
  • Function : Author
Katey Sackett
  • Function : Author
Janos Salamon
  • Function : Author
Ángel Sánchez-Rodríguez
  • Function : Author
Blair Saunders
  • Function : Author
Juliette Schaafsma
  • Function : Author
Michael Schulte-Mecklenbeck
  • Function : Author
David R Shanks
  • Function : Author
Martin F Sherman
  • Function : Author
Kenneth M Steele
  • Function : Author
Niklas K Steffens
Jessie Sun
  • Function : Author
Kyle J Susa
  • Function : Author
Barnabas Szaszi
Aba Szollosi
  • Function : Author
Ricardo M Tamayo
  • Function : Author
Gustav Tinghög
Yuk-Yue Tong
  • Function : Author
Carol Tweten
  • Function : Author
Miguel A Vadillo
Deisy Valcarcel
  • Function : Author
Nicolas van Der Linden
Michiel van Elk
  • Function : Author
Frenk van Harreveld
  • Function : Author
Daniel Västfjäll
Simine Vazire
Guillermo B Willis
  • Function : Author
Sarah E Wood
  • Function : Author
Chunliang Yang
  • Function : Author
Robert Zheng
  • Function : Author
Mark Zrubka
  • Function : Author

Abstract

Dijksterhuis and van Knippenberg (1998) reported that participants primed with a category associated with intelligence (“professor”) subsequently performed 13% better on a trivia test than participants primed with a category associated with a lack of intelligence (“soccer hooligans”). In two unpublished replications of this study designed to verify the appropriate testing procedures, Dijksterhuis, van Knippenberg, and Holland observed a smaller difference between conditions (2%–3%) as well as a gender difference: Men showed the effect (9.3% and 7.6%), but women did not (0.3% and −0.3%). The procedure used in those replications served as the basis for this multilab Registered Replication Report. A total of 40 laboratories collected data for this project, and 23 of these laboratories met all inclusion criteria. Here we report the meta-analytic results for those 23 direct replications (total N = 4,493), which tested whether performance on a 30-item general-knowledge trivia task differed between these two priming conditions (results of supplementary analyses of the data from all 40 labs, N = 6,454, are also reported). We observed no overall difference in trivia performance between participants primed with the “professor” category and those primed with the “hooligan” category (0.14%) and no moderation by gender.

Domains

Psychology
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Dates and versions

hal-01900604 , version 1 (10-01-2019)

Identifiers

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Michael O'Donnell, Leif D. Nelson, Evi Ackermann, Balazs Aczel, Athfah Akhtar, et al.. Registered Replication Report: Dijksterhuis and van Knippenberg. Perspectives on Psychological Science, 2018, 13 (2), pp.268 - 294. ⟨10.1177/1745691618755704⟩. ⟨hal-01900604⟩
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